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How Tourism Impacts a Country

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How Tourism Impacts a Country
Munaza Kazmi

In the contemporary episode, tourism has become an essential element in developing the world economy and is one of the leading sources of revenue for advanced and emerging countries. In addition, it has emerged as a strong pillar for sustainable development for both developed and developing economies, as it offers various cultural, social, technological, experiential, and natural products for leisure and business. In this connection, the World Travel and Tourism Council’s Report of 2021reveals that travel, and tourism plays a significant role in much of the economic activities across the globe, let’s say 10.6% of all jobs, 6.8% of total exports and a major part of cross border trade. Thus, tourism has emerged as a prominent and developing industry.

Economic impactinvolves a country’s economic condition, primarily by bringing multiple economic factors, economic effects of tourism include improved tax revenue, personal income, increased standards of living, and more employment opportunities, meanwhile by attraction international tourism there comes initiation of foreign exchange that sustains county’s economic wellbeing.

On Sociocultural backgrounds tourism impacts are associated with interactions among people with differing cultural upbringings, attitudes and behaviors, that involves cross cultural exchanges, experiences and relationships to material goods. This can help in uplifting the communities, along cross learning and education takes places, on top it is a backbone for protecting and promoting the heritage of certain nation.

Tourism can impact environment both positively and negatively. Litter is a common experience we can have on tourist attraction places, along with pollution, loss of biodiversity and natural resource degradation. As the destination develops, more tourists seek out the experience, that increases its impacts let’s say, the requirement of water for washing, water disposal, that can cause water pollution, then noise pollution which has the capacity to disturb wildlife, next comes light pollution that alter the reproductive behavior of many creatures. However, we can minimize the loss my adopting Eco-Responsible Tourism, since it supports the maintenance of natural environment and sustainability of resources.

Taking in consideration the case of Pakistan, as we can see the country has abundant of landscapes that can marvel the spectator, from green pastures of Deosai to the gigantic rooftops of Karakoram, then silvery frozen lakes of Passu to the clear golden beaches of Gawadar there’s a number of opportunities to make these destinations tourist attractions by establishing resorts of world class that offer responsible tourism, which can be a win-win situation for both the industry and locals, by this the industry can make money and the locals can have opportunities of employment that can leadto the better quality of lie. On the other hand, by public and private partnership the Government sector can provide the opportunity for Private sector to establish and improve the infrastructure, this too is beneficial for every stakeholder.

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